Grape marc spirit. Made from grape skins, pips and other residuals after pressing.
Brut, for a sparkling wine with sugar dosage inferior to 12g/Litre.
Acronym for “Comissão Vitivinícola Regional”, regional wine commission.
Vintage, date of harvest.
Late harvest. Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine.
DOC (Portugal) or DOP (Europe)
The highest official European category in terms of quality, with specific rules for each region, concerning authorised grape varieties, winemaking processes, alcohol percentage...
Sweet. A wine is sweet when it contains more than 50 g/l of reducing sugars (glucose and fructose).
Ageing in bottle or cask.
Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with harvest year and minimum aging: for red wine an aging of at least 30 months, of which at least 12 months in glass bottle; for white and rose wines an aging of at least 12 months, of which at least 6 months in a glass bottle. It also stands for wine shop or wine cellar in Portuguese.
Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with highlighted organoleptic characteristics and an alcoholic strength equal to or greater than (in 1% by vol.) the minimum threshold set as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. The use of this designation requires the indication of the harvest year.
Acronym for “Instituto da Vinha e do Vinho”, Portuguese public vine and wine institute. Vinho Licoroso – Liqueur wine, fortified wine.
Fermentation vat, often shallow, made of granite, marble, concrete ir stainless steel, in which grapes are trodden by foot or mechanically.
Medium dry. Champagne, sparkling and semi sparkling wines with a residual sugar content between 33 g/l and 50 g/l
Wine estate or property. Quinta is a designation most traditionally used at the northern part of the country and Herdade is used in the South.
Designation of Superior quality for DOP Wines which has to be certified by the certification body.
Wines with a sugar dosage inferior to 4g/Litre.
Selecção do Enólogo
“Winemaker selection”, unofficial designation for a wine recommended by the winemaker.
The Portuguese word for wine, but also the designation for ex “table wine”, wine not certified by the local wine commission and not following the rules for DOC/DOP or Vinho Regional/IGP wines.
White wine. Made from white grapes.
Sparkling Wine. Wine obtained by a second fermentation in the bottle with the addition of yeast (classic or champagne method). It can also be obtained by a second fermentation in a closed vat (continuous method).
Fortified wine, generally obtained by adding alcohol or wine brandy during the winemaking process, interrupting the process.
Vinho Regional (Portugal) or IGP (Europe)
With no specific area and with a wider range of rules in terms of winemaking and grape varieties. This is a category often used in top quality wines that don't fit in the DOPs requisites.
Red wine. Obtained by fermenting the must of red varieties, pigmented by maceration of solid matter that has a strong colouring power.
Table wine. Expression traditionally used in opposition to sparkling and liqueur wines.
Wine made from a single noble variety, or with an absolute dominance of this strain.