Portuguese Wines





  • Adega

    Winery, cellar.


  • Bagaceira

    Grape marc spirit. Made from grape skins, pips and other residuals after pressing.

  • Bruto

    Brut, for a sparkling wine with sugar dosage inferior to 12g/Litre.


  • CVR

    Acronym for “Comissão Vitivinícola Regional”, regional wine commission.

  • Casta

    Grape variety.

  • Colheita

    Vintage, date of harvest.

  • Colheita Tardia

    Late harvest. Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine.


  • DOC (Portugal) or DOP (Europe)

    The highest official European category in terms of quality, with specific rules for each region, concerning authorised grape varieties, winemaking processes, alcohol percentage...

  • Doce

    Sweet. A wine is sweet when it contains more than 50 g/l of reducing sugars (glucose and fructose).


  • Estágio

    Ageing in bottle or cask.


  • Garrafeira

    Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with harvest year and minimum aging: for red wine an aging of at least 30 months, of which at least 12 months in glass bottle; for white and rose wines an aging of at least 12 months, of which at least 6 months in a glass bottle. It also stands for wine shop or wine cellar in Portuguese.

  • Grande Reserva

    Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with highlighted organoleptic characteristics and an alcoholic strength equal to or greater than (in 1% by vol.) the minimum threshold set as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. The use of this designation requires the indication of the harvest year.


  • IVV

    Acronym for “Instituto da Vinha e do Vinho”, Portuguese public vine and wine institute. Vinho Licoroso – Liqueur wine, fortified wine.


  • Lagar

    Fermentation vat, often shallow, made of granite, marble, concrete ir stainless steel, in which grapes are trodden by foot or mechanically.


  • Meio Seco

    Medium dry. Champagne, sparkling and semi sparkling wines with a residual sugar content between 33 g/l and 50 g/l


  • Quinta/Herdade

    Wine estate or property. Quinta is a designation most traditionally used at the northern part of the country and Herdade is used in the South.


  • Reserva

    Designation of Superior quality for DOP Wines which has to be certified by the certification body.


  • Seco

    Wines with a sugar dosage inferior to 4g/Litre.

  • Selecção do Enólogo

    “Winemaker selection”, unofficial designation for a wine recommended by the winemaker.


  • Vinho

    The Portuguese word for wine, but also the designation for ex “table wine”, wine not certified by the local wine commission and not following the rules for DOC/DOP or Vinho Regional/IGP wines.

  • Vinho Branco

    White wine. Made from white grapes.

  • Vinho Espumante

    Sparkling Wine. Wine obtained by a second fermentation in the bottle with the addition of yeast (classic or champagne method). It can also be obtained by a second fermentation in a closed vat (continuous method).

  • Vinho Generoso/Licoroso

    Fortified wine, generally obtained by adding alcohol or wine brandy during the winemaking process, interrupting the process.

  • Vinho Regional (Portugal) or IGP (Europe)

    With no specific area and with a wider range of rules in terms of winemaking and grape varieties. This is a category often used in top quality wines that don't fit in the DOPs requisites.

  • Vinho Tinto

    Red wine. Obtained by fermenting the must of red varieties, pigmented by maceration of solid matter that has a strong colouring power.

  • Vinho Tranquilo

    Table wine. Expression traditionally used in opposition to sparkling and liqueur wines.

  • Vinho Varietal

    Wine made from a single noble variety, or with an absolute dominance of this strain.

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